Peetabeck - Canada
Fort Albany, traditionally known as Peetabeck (loosely translated to ‘the meandering river floods a pond in the springtime’), is a remote First Nation community located on the western coast of James Bay in Northern Ontario. Fort Albany is a Cree community and home to many survivors of the St. Anne’s Residential School, which closed in 1964 and stood until it was set ablaze in 1999.
The population of Fort Albany fluctuates around 900 Albanians (self-identified residents of Fort Albany). The community is accessible only by air, water, and a winter road. Like many First Nations reserves in Canada, Fort Albany is on simultaneous paths of recovery, re-discovery, and preservation. As key community members, including Elders, have begun to explore and promote their traditional roots through ceremonies, hunting practices, language, cuisine, music, and art, it has become imperative for them to share these practices with their youth. While dealing with the effects from past atrocities, Peetabeck is practicing a delicate, and sometimes divided, dance between the reclamation, acceptance, and rejection of both traditional and Western cultures.
In Fort Albany, like in many societies, youth are viewed as the future. And while they are full of potential, they are also the most vulnerable and impressionable. It is these young people, at times neglected, sometimes bored, or even abused, who face the most devastating challenges of a community severely affected by drugs, alcohol and what many refer to as the “suicide spirit”. It seems, in the experience of this photographer, that everyone in Fort Albany has a tragic story to share, whether it be a mother, a father, a son, a daughter, an uncle, or an aunt. So many lives have been cut short. The trauma is intergenerational and rooted in the long, dark history of travesties committed against First Nations in Canada, which include, but are not limited to, rape and physical abuse, endured by many of those who attended residential school.
Community leaders see an opportunity to steer youth on a path of healing. Young leaders recognize many of the challenges they and their peers face. Continuous efforts are made to involve people in positive activities and reconnect them to the land and traditions that were destroyed by residential school as well as other deplorable colonial activities throughout Canada’s history. The intention of this work is to shed light on the daily lives of young Albanians and show that, although they face enormous challenges, there is much hope in their community.